information knowledge management is

However, KM extends beyond these concepts to bring new ideas, tools and techniques for efficient use of knowledge resources. Is NATO’s MPA Force Prepared for ­Resurgent Russian Submarine Patrols? In this discipline, information ownership is never passed on to others. The readers of TDAN.com are intimately familiar with the discipline of Information Management, which is all about managing information as an enterprise asset, like people managed by the Human Resources department (HR), or finances managed by the Finance department. Knowledge management, on the other hand, uses processes and tools to pass on wisdom and understanding of different subject matters.. AS IKM supports these two mission-essential requirements, there are several factors that enable effective implementation of its principles. The 2nd way is utilization of organizational method to improve business efficiency. Based on the personal experiences of OUP IKM personnel, it is apparent that Information Knowledge Management was heavily used as an en­abler of the planning process. Thanks to the well-organised representation of information that is connected together directly or by linking in a map, users can navigate to shared information quickly, even in different systems. In IKM-enabled organizations, roles, responsibilities and governance are clearly identi­fied and provide fertile ground for performance improvement. For example, scientist Ivan Pavlov provided a tangible example of how our brain transforms external inputs into knowledge and adaptive behaviours (‘Conditioned Reflexes’2) or, in other words, how the brain transforms information into knowledge. There are three broadways of managing the knowledge system. An established discipline since 1991, KM includes courses taught in the fields of business administration, information systems, management, library, and information sciences. Read more about sharing maps. The classic one-line definition of Knowledge Management was offered up by Tom Davenport early on: 'Knowledge Management is the process of capturing, distributing, and effectively using knowledge.' The new emphasis is on the ‘responsibility to share’11, which involves avoiding over-classification as well as applying information release procedures to entities concerned. Knowledge managers are also responsible for interaction with the external clients and assisting them in accessing the knowledge management resources available with the company. The JAPCC, as a team of multinational experts, is to provide key decision makers effective solutions to Air and Space Power challenges, in order to safeguard NATO and the Nations' interests. Leadership plays a key role in ensuring almost any initiative taken by an organization has a successful outcome. Featured Students, Alumni, & Faculty. The journal is published in both printed and online versions. the ways how to share information. IT is the heart of IKM: there can be no benefits without IT / CIS. So, while information and data management are certainly very useful, particularly as information sources are growing at exponential rates and with the new focus on big data, it is not synonymous with KM. What did he mean by that? Information Knowledge Management jobs now available. Properly managing information helps to ensure that the right information is available to the right people at the right time and in the right form, enabling decision-making processes.8 During military exercises, accuracy and timeliness of information are considered to be mission-essential. Lieutenant Colonel Antimo Russo They are provided examples of suboptimal practices and are trained to identify the NATO IM policy used in each case. Shared information and valuable knowledge are placed in new contexts in an easy-to-understand way and are up to date and available centrally at any time. There are numerous kinds of IMSs that can perform specialized business functions, including the following examples: It consists of a cycle of creating, sharing, structuring and auditing knowledge, in order to maximize the effectiveness of an organization’s collective knowledge. is a CIS officer with more than 25 years of experience in the Italian Air Force. If used in the proper way, information can boost corporate profits, help companies gain new markets or even defeat an enemy, as recently depicted in a film (The Imitation Game) about Alan Turing, who helped win the Second World War in Europe by inventing a computer that could decipher communication encryption. Information and knowledge management systems are both important to your organization’s operations. T he Department of Information and Knowledge Management at UJ has responded to the challenges of these changes. Information consists of data a user has entered into a computer, processed and put into context. Apply Now. As the Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (JIKM) enters its 18th year, it continues to publish original research and case studies on all aspects of information processing, information management and knowledge management. A solid example of this is the large number of doctrines and policies used to regulate different domains. Information management. Shared information and valuable knowledge are placed in new contexts in an easy-to-understand way and are up to date and available centrally at any time. License Programs for Enterprises & Organizations. In the business world, the definition of knowledge management also includes the maintenance of a knowledge base or portal where specific knowledge related to the company is housed. Properly analyzed information will then be stored as 'knowledge' of the enterprise. IKM initiatives are also essential to core activities at NATO Centres of Excellence. Within international organizations like NATO, which is both a political and a military organization, IKM is a mission-essential asset, the aim of which is to contribute to the achievement of Information ­Supremacy4. Designing a maturity model for analyzing information and knowledge management in the public sector Aki Jääskeläinen, Virpi Sillanpää, Nina Helander, Riikka-Leena Leskelä, Ira Haavisto, Valtteri Laasonen, Paulus Torkki. For this reason, the Alliance promotes information and know­ledge standardization through a consistent harmonization effort. Currently, he serves as a JAPCC Information Knowledge Management Staff Officer within the Planning and Control Section. Site Manager, Project Coordinator, Community Liaison and more on Indeed.com The top players within organizations or companies need information to make the right decision at the right time. Alum Businesses Need Stewards of Information to Navigate the Future of Work, says IKNS Alumna. Training provided by NATO to its human capital comes in various forms. One such course is taught at the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany, and is aimed primarily at preparing students for their IKM planning and execution duties and services in a NATO environment. View All. The importance of Information Management to NATO in recent years is evident in the major investments NATO has been making in its effort to adapt IM structure to new challenges. Their recognised expertise and skills are bene­ficial to the Alliance as they support the transformation of NATO while avoiding the duplication of NATO Command Structure assets, resources and capabilities.’ By empowering defence and security, IKM becomes one of the main facilitators of Alliance transformation. This includes ICT records and other documents and files. Organization set up. Figure 1.2From data to information to knowledge In a business context, knowledge is often linked to strategic levels of management and long-term business planning, where it is associated with having a head for business or business flair. Data can be acquired from a wide range of sources, and can come in a variety of formats. It is processed, structured, or presented in a given context to make it meaningful and useful. Knowledge, in Einstein’s view, is the ability to understand information and turn it into something more functional. Knowledge management is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organization. Worth mentioning are his assignments to the 3rd Wing in Verona Villafranca (Italy) as a CIS Section Head; Albania as a liaison officer during the operation Albit; 4th Department Logistics of General Staff of Italian Air Force as a staff Officer and the former NCSA Sector Naples as a Branch Head and Squadron Commander. Nothing has greater impact on an organization than leaders promoting a discipline among their staff and making them aware of its importance. This study aims to report the design and testing of a maturity model for information and knowledge management in the public sector, intended for use in frequent… Get Management Assignment Help, Strategic Management Assignment Answers & MBA Assignment Help for Knowledge Management from PhD/MBA Experts at cost-effective rates? From an organizational perspective, IKM and IT combined can be referred to as the weapon system of Information Management: a system that avails itself of the best available technologies for organizational purposes. Using NATO IM policies as reference, students learn how to assess the compliance of their organizations with NATO’s IM prin­ciples. Regardless of whether it concerns images, hyperlinks or blocks of text, any web content of the user’s choice can be easily incorporated into the map and edited further using the browser embedded in MindManager. The analysis of such information will be based on resources, documents, people and their skills. Its impact on IKM is especially evident because IKM is a relatively new discipline. Mind maps are simple to update and can partly sync automatically with other applications and map branches. To conclude, information creates knowledge, knowledge creates education, and education and training prepare and empower NATO allies and forces. Are You Looking for Information & Knowledge Management Assignment Answers? One of the worst enemies of IKM is the lack of interest in it among the leader­ship or the stakeholders. This further confirms that, as mentioned in the introduction to this paper, the IKM ‘system’ impacts everyone everywhere in the organization. As such, it allows companies to reach their mission goals. CIS and IKM combined are a weapon system and inadequate investments in IT may well jeopardize the IKM mission, which can subsequently cause overall mission failure. the question what to share, especially when it comes to security classification issues. Usually, bigger organizations have this position as they have a huge database and knowledge base to be managed. NATO Airpower and the Strategic Communications Challenge, The Electromagnetic Spectrum: The Cross Domain, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The cost of doing it is nothing compared to the pain of not doing it!13. Every day we are seeing that we are becoming more and more dependent on knowledge. NATO offers a favourable environment for the development of IKM strategies. It’s quite common to misuse these terms. Nowadays, if top management is asked to underline a single resource which is most critical for their organization to achieve and sustain competitive advantage, mos… A range of visual representation forms can support communication of their contents considerably. Knowledge management is a set of principles, tools and practices that enable people to create knowledge, share and apply what they know in order to create value and improve efficiency and effectiveness, strengthen health systems and improve health outcomes. He participated in the NATO OUP mission as a Networks Support Group Commander of the NCIA Sector Naples. This improves understanding and communication significantly. Proof of this can been seen across the vast literature published in the 20th century on cognitive sciences and neuroscience. Knowledge management and information systems for KM represent an opportunity to extract additional benefits from your organization’s existing investment in computers, databases, and networks. It does so primarily by using tools such as a computer-based collaborative environment to facilitate the creation, storage, and sharing of documents, policies, guidance, assessments, reports, memoranda, briefing, etc. Knowledge management is an activity practised by enterprises all over the world. As stated on the NATO official website5: ‘Each day, hundreds of civilians and military experts and officials come to NATO HQ to exchange information, share ideas and help prepare decisions …’, IKM as Key Enabler for the Transformation and Assurance of Defence and Security. Knowledge management definition: The organization, capture, use, and analysis of the impact of a group's collective knowledge. The main goal of knowledge management is to improve an organization's efficiency and save knowledge within the company. Nations, too, are aware of the importance of training and devote consider­able resources to it. Here are some key components of each approach. The 1st way is utilization of information technology and systems to improve business efficiency. Training is certainly a key factor of effective IKM. The first aspect addresses the necessity of broad commitment to the rules and mechanisms that IKM provides, i.e. In the 1990s, IKM became a non-transferable structural component of business strategies as well as a corporate asset, just like the Human Resources or the Legal departments. This means that information from various sources can be recorded to show their relationships and be found easily without anything being overlooked. The systems develop to capture, create, refine, tag and circulate information used to improve business productivity of the organization. Emphasizing transformation as a tool for tackling future challenges, NATO is increasingly acknowledging that more structural, conscious and proactive information management can bring significant benefits to organizations, especially when this means turning individual know­ledge into collective knowledge. Information sharing is seen as a fundamental principle of IKM as well as a contributing factor to defence reassurance and support and security. It has been extensively identified that knowledge is an important aspect for an economy to develop. Information and Knowledge Management MindManager simplifies information and knowledge management within teams and within the company. Information & Knowledge Management: 160204: Information Management professionals develop, maintain, implement and deliver manual and electronic systems for keeping, updating, accessing and preserving information. In the process of knowledge management, these enterprises comprehensively gather information using many methods and tools. by Heidi Suominen To understand the difference between Knowledge Management (KM) and Information Management (IM) it’s important to be aware of the definitions of the Data, Information and Knowledge. Knowledge management is any system that helps people in an organization share, access, and update business knowledge and information. Leveraging information is more important today than ever before in nearly every aspect of human activity. The course is aimed at end-users from across the organization, such as heads of NATO Military Bodies, IM Senior Officials, Information Managers, IKM Heads, IKM Support Officers, Originators, Information Owners and Information Custodians. According to Edward Waltz3, a Knowledge Management (KM) academic specializing in the intelligence domain, KM is an organizational discipline that processes, acquires, creates, reveals and delivers knowledge through information technology (IT). Often it is referring to training and learning in an organization or of its customers. The effective handling of information remains a top priority for organizations. Information is a set of data that is processed in a meaningful way according to the given requirement. He holds a degree in a branch of political science. IKM provides a knowledge-sharing environment which puts both requirements in balance, where information shall be managed to facilitate access, optimize information sharing and re-use, and reduce duplication, all in accordance with security, legal and privacy obligations.12. The Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM) provides an international forum for presentation and discussion of research on information and knowledge management, as well as recent advances on data and knowledge bases. Used properly, these tools allow for instantaneous access to a real-time information stream and drastically improve the capability to collectively and collaboratively contribute to discussions and / or products, from almost anywhere in the world. This article will not focus on the scientific aspects of knowledge. IKM is a unique vehicle to convert bright ideas into spendable capital. It refers to a multidisciplinary approach to achieve organisational objectives by making the best use of knowledge. The 3rd way is creating a healthy workplace to facilitate improvement of business efficiency. A recent shift can be observed in NATO information management as well as security policies, which is soft­ening the often too strict ‘need-to-know’ principle10 that basically leads to the hoarding of critical infor­mation. Knowledge Managers and Information Managers are responsible for the access, organization, processing, utilization, and monitoring of information shared within a corporation or community. Albert Einstein claimed that ‘Knowledge derives from experience’. (C) 2005-2020 Joint Air Power Competence Centre, Capability in Practice and Tactical Superiority, Institutionalizing Counter-Improvised Explosive Device Lessons Learned from Afghanistan Part 1. The visual representation allows us to understand, remember and learn for the longer term. An information management system (IMS) is a set of hardware and software that stores, organizes, and accesses data stored in a database. Abstract and Figures Sustainable knowledge management (KM) is considered to assume an undeniably significant part in creating competitive advantage. No military operation would be successful without a smooth and effective flow of information. Knowledge management practitioners who want to expand their horizons and enrich their practical experience with a grounding in relevant research. It also provides tools that allow for the creation of standardized and ad-hoc reports. MindManager simplifies information and knowledge management within teams and within the company. In this respect, IKM is a key enabler in streamlining the harmonization process. The online version is free access and download. Knowledge Management (KM) is a sub-discipline of Information Management that generally focuses on what people know and assists them to articulate their knowledge so that the organization can benefit from it. This is why MindManager offers other structure and diagram types alongside the classic mind map, such as the org chart, timeline, flowchart, or concept map. This knowledge is later used f… IKM as Key Enabler for the Transformation and Assurance of Defence and Security The 28 nations that comprise NATO have a common goal, but are very different from one another. A solid example of this is the large number of doctrines and policies used to regulate different domains. Other fields may contribute to KM research, including information and media, co… Information from a range of Office applications, databases or SharePoint can also be integrated into the map using integration interfaces, import functions or simple links. IKM facilitated seamless transmission of requirements from OUP leadership, who were in multiple locations, to the various support and planning agencies that built the required infrastructure to enable command and control of the Operation. Knowledge therefore, may be viewed as a process. It helps to ensure undesirability and reduces uncertainty. This makes it possible to create information, knowledge, navigation or dashboard maps and a variety of other diagram types depending on content and purpose. Information management is the practice of collecting, managing and distributing information. IKM stands on one main prin­ciple: information is a corporate asset that needs to be standardized, protected and ensured (especially in military environments). At the Chicago Summit in 2012, NATO leaders stressed the importance of expanding education and training. A working knowledge of the Internet and its applications, as well as the know-how of information management, therefore is an essential skill needed in the modern corporate world. For this reason, the Alliance promotes information and know­ledge standardization through a consistent harmonization effort. It is a key factor in organizational performance and competitiveness. Making initial investments in the right resources leads to significant savings, facilitates decision-making and enhances the sharing of accurate information. We are seeing a lot of transformation rapidly happening in our society. ‘Centres of Excellence7 train and educate leaders and specialists from NATO member and partner countries, contribute to doctrine development, identify lessons learned, improve interoperability and capabilities and test and validate concepts through experimentation. MindManager is also ideal for enabling employees to document their knowledge. This improves understanding and communication significantly. IKM is well-rooted at many levels of the NATO environment. If this is the case with our societies, the scenario is not much different for organizations. This enables lively thought and knowledge maps to develop that contain all the important information. Knowledge management is the comprehensive means of organizing, transferring, locating and utilizing the information and proficiency in an organization. NIMA is where information management strategies, policies and NATO-wide guidance are designed to meet mission requirements and ensure mission success. Taking the ‘need to know or need to share’ prin­ciple as its starting point, IKM uses software as an IT background to facilitate the generation, storage and sharing of documents. His officer career includes experience at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels either in national or in international environment. Information assigns meaning and improves the reliability of the data. It includes data that possess context, relevance, and purpose. In this way, information becomes useful knowledge that can also be shared with others in an easy-to-understand way. Of equal value and also at the top level is the NATO Information Management Authority (NIMA), a Working Group dealing with IM. Along with training, IKM initiatives owe their success to other factors, too: leadership, culture, organizational set-up (structure, roles and responsibilities, governance) and information technologies (IT). Information Knowledge Management (IKM) implies that information is processed and used by managers and leaders in pursuing their goals. IKM principles, coupled with IT infrastructures and processes, allow the best possible use of the most valuable resource of all: intellectual capital. Information or … There are not unequivocal definitions and it’s difficult to understand the relationships between them. In complex entities like NATO, where standardization, interoperability, common language, best practices and lessons learned all have their specific importance, information management takes on a major role in short, medium and long-term planning cycles, as well as in day-to-day operations. It originates and is applied in the mind of the knowers. Then, gathered information is organized, stored, shared, and analyzed using defined techniques. Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that IKM has already contributed to several NATO Military Oper­ations (Operation Unified Protector [OUP], from February–October 2011, is one example). The 28 nations that comprise NATO have a common goal, but are very different from one another. Probably no better or more succinct single-line definition has appeared since. Acquire HD Quality research work with 100% Plagiarism free content. ‘Information is not knowledge’,1 visionary scientist ­Albert Einstein once said. As set forth in article 19 of the Lisbon Summit resolution, ‘(NATO must) … carry out the training, exercises, contingency planning and information sharing it takes to assure our defence against the full range of conventional and emergency security challenges, and provide appropriate visible assurance and reinforcement for all Allies’. They plan and implement processes and tools that facilitate effortless knowledge transfer. Knowledge Management (KM) integrates practices from quality management, organizational learning, and performance management, to name a few. It also involves the manipulation of raw dat… Information and Knowledge Management is a peer reviewed journal published by IISTE. This Office provides support to the strategic military authorities of NATO member countries to develop strategic policies and concepts. On the other hand, knowledge is the relevant and objective information that helps in drawing conclusions. When discussing training, there are some IKM-specific courses offered within NATO. The right combination of these components is the precondition for IKM success. In essence, the primary aim of IKM is to facilitate ­decision-making processes and mission fulfilment. If someone who is not a doctor attempts to analyse blood test results, all he sees is a list of unintelligible data because of his lack of required skills and experience. This trend is even clearer today as IKM principles are being applied to more areas / environments and have grown into a stronger empowerment tool – a well-defined enabling system, in other words. "Knowledge is a fluid mix of framed experience, values, contextual information, expert insight, and grounded intuition that provides an environment and framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information. Information Management and the processes it generates revolve around people and technologies. In this respect, IKM is a key enabler in streamlining the harmonization process. Therefore, when the data is transformed into information, it never has any useless details. The second aspect is about the willingness to share the information, i.e. Examples are professional training in preparation for future operations (exercises) as well as individual and collective training or on-the-job training aimed at mitigating the loss of expertise as may occur upon staff reassignments. At NATO HQ, an IKM Office supports the International Military Staff (IMS)6 and the Military Committee (MC) in their mission. These two components are essential when it comes to sharing information in a manner that is both timely and in compliance with NATO security policies and standards. The journal publishes original papers at the forefront of information manage, retrieval, knowledge generation, sharing and management issues. De Stricker and Shamel provid… Italy, as an example, has recently stressed the importance of training in a high-level strategic defence document.9. IKM is well-rooted at man… Accuracy and timeliness are precisely what military commanders in charge of operations or exercises need to pursue in order to accomplish their mission. It seeks to provide an overview of large organizations – primarily NATO – where Information Knowledge Management serves as the tool to organize information in a systemic way and facilitate the development of knowledge through an intelligent use of processes. Since its establishment sixty-six years ago in the early days of the Cold War, NATO has needed to keep at pace with the changing world and be prepared for future challenges. Culture, in this context, relates to two different aspects. There is no doubt NATO has been keen to introduce and develop IKM strategies in its recent history. While writing running text often causes difficulties, a map is quick to start and can be added to and restructured bit by bit. As I showed in the previous sections, knowledge and information are actually quite different, as is tacit and explicit knowledge. The primary aim of Information Know­ledge Management (IKM), also referred to as Information Management (IM), is to precisely facilitate the flow of facts or ideas up and down the chain of command to improve business operations and mission success rates. Mind maps not only make it easy for information to be recorded intuitively and structured in a dynamic way, but also facilitate understanding and transparent communication. The difference between information and knowledge is not only a purely semantic one. Information per se, therefore, is not itself knowledge, though it provides at least part of the basis for knowledge. Information management (IM) concerns a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through archiving or deletion. The primary difference between information and knowledge is information is nothing but the refined form of data, which is helpful to understand the meaning. Much different for organizations Prepared for ­Resurgent Russian Submarine Patrols, as an example, has recently stressed importance! Purely semantic one when it comes to security classification issues of an organization than promoting... Different from one another recent history Help for knowledge management is the case with our societies, Alliance... Goal of knowledge IM policy used in each case NATO environment and governance are clearly identi­fied and provide ground... 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That allow for the development of IKM strategies in its recent history this way, information creates,... Identi­Fied and provide fertile ground for performance improvement either in information knowledge management is or international... Phd/Mba Experts at cost-effective rates mind maps are simple to update and can come in a variety of.. At man… information and knowledge maps to develop that contain all the important.! To meet mission requirements and ensure mission success is to improve business efficiency and is applied in the time... Data that possess context, relevance, and strategic levels either in national or in international environment development IKM! Lively thought and knowledge base to be managed create, refine, tag and information! And mission fulfilment though it provides at least part of the basis for knowledge important to your ’! Systems develop to capture, use, and purpose example, has recently stressed importance. 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